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Short samples: 24 bit vs rendered to 16 bits dithered
post Mar 10 2008, 15:37
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Source audio: Upright piano, amateur performance, Handel, Gigue No. 1, first two bars, 9 sec aprox, recorded with a matched pair of Rode NT1-A condensor microphones, connected to a Behring MX 802A mixer, driving a Creative Audigy 4 hub for the analogue to digital conversion, connected to a PC running Windows XP and Asio4All sound drivers, with n-Track studio 4 as the recording software.

The noise of the Behring mixer was a bit high for 24-bit recording using the normal main outputs. Instead, I took the audio from the Auxiliary 1 and Auxliary 2 mixes.

The top lid of the upright piano was open. The microphones were located a few centimetres above the top of the piano, and displaced horizontally about a quarter of the length of the piano on either side of the middle of the keyboard. They pointed downwards, with a slight tilt towards the centre of the keyboard.

With the Behring mixer turned off, the recording software stereo VU meters registered around -95dB per channel. With the mixer turned on, but phantom power for the mics off, the VU meters showed around -85dB per channel. With phantom power on, the VU meters showed around -75dB per channel but this varied with extraneous noises near the recording room, such as heavy traffic. (The mixer was set to roll off frequences under 75Hz.)

Here is an unmodified extract from the 24-bit stereo 48KHz recording [now in flac format]: Attached File  SprightlyHandelclip.flac ( 1.26MB ) Number of downloads: 656

Here is the same extract after bit reduction to 16 bits using triangular dither: [attachment (4313) now deleted to free up my upload quota - this file was not optimally dithered and was unnecessarily noisy]
The format of the modified extract is 24 bits even though the last 8 bits should contain no varying data.

The peak recorded level is -9.5dB. It was played forte but not fortissimo. Another piece recorded in the same session peaked at -4dB. [As a comparison, a lossless format audio file on an HD-DVD disk Superman Returns on my Home Theatre PC came in at -3.3dB at the start of chapter 4 (storm at sea) and -9.7dB in chapter 20 (Superman and Lois go flying from the top of the Daily Planet). This was for Front Left and Front Right. The chapter 20 music of the movie is very dramatic, and worth listening to in its own right. It is not background music. ]

The uploads above are made in response to a request made in November 2006 by AndyH in the Listening Tests thread 16 bit vs 24 bit, any samples that work?:

QUOTE (AndyH-ha @ Nov 3 2006, 12:19) *
There are real differences between 16 bit and 24 bit files, just as there are real differences between uncompressed and mp3. As with the differences between wav and mp3, 16 bit vs 24 bit is often difficult to identify by listening.

Test signals are one thing, but has anyone found any 24 bit music recording that can be successfully identified via ABX testing against a properly resample to 16 bit version of same?

The bit reduction and triangular dither were carried out using the freeware audio editor, Audacity.

It is a trivial exercise to ABX compare the two versions if a high listening gain is employed and listening restricted to the first 0.3 seconds. High frequency dither noise then becomes quite noticeable. [If this is not the case, your equipment is probably not playing back at 24-bits, but at only 16-bits.]

It is a much more difficult (impossible?) exercise to ABX at a moderate listening level. Before doing any comprehensive listening tests at moderate levels, I would like to get the feedback of AndyH or others as to whether other dithering techniques are to be preferred.

If anyone is thinking of uploading an alternative dithered version, a 16-bit format would do. I put my "dithered to 16 bits" version into a 24-bit format simply to reduce the likelihood of some software players processing it differently to the 24-bit original file when comparing playback.

At very high listening levels I find that the version that has been reduced to 16bits sounds a little duller to my ears. However, my hearing becomes affected very rapidly at such volume levels, so that after a few repetitions I cannot hear any differences.

This post has been edited by MLXXX: May 26 2008, 14:09
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post Mar 22 2008, 15:30
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The more I look into dithering, the easier I find it to accept that the process if done optimally will not lead to audible distortion.

As I do not appear to be able to upload files to the Scientific Forum I will upload a file to here:
Attached Image

It is a frequency distribution created by Cool Edit but there appears to be something wrong with the right channel that has led to some distortion. This file is commented on at post #66 of Scientific/R&D Discussion > filtering, dither, and noiseshaping.
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