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HE-AAC gapless playback
post Dec 22 2012, 17:36
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Group: Developer
Posts: 619
Joined: 22-November 10
From: Japan
Member No.: 85902

I knew that Apple and other software (at least fb2k and winamp FhG encoder) treats delay of HE-AAC differently.
In short, fb2k can play FhG's HE-AAC gaplessly, and iTunes can play Apple's HE-AAC gaplessly, but fb2k cannot play Apple's HE-AAC gaplessly, etc.

Personally I'm not using HE-AAC for music so I didn't care much about it so far.
However, just out of curiosity, I looked into it further today.

In ISO 14496-24:2008 (which you can read from the link at http://wiki.multimedia.cx/index.php?title=AAC), it is written that additional decoder delay introduced by SBR tool is 481 (which becomes 962 in upsampled scale).

Then I tried trimming the first 962 samples of the decoded wav file (encoded by Apple then decoded by fb2k), and I noticed that offset matches with the original.
Next, I made hacked version of qaac, which basically do the following:
  1. Append silence of 2048 samples to the end of input before sending to encoder
  2. Add 481 to encoder delay of iTunSMPB, and also edit other values

Using this hacked version of qaac, now I could get gapless HE-AAC playback on fb2k.
So, my guess is the following:
  1. fb2k doesn't trim additional decoder delay introduced by SBR tool
  2. Winamp FhG encoder count this additional decoder delay into encoder delay of iTuneSMPB

Why all of this is happening? Is this correct?

This hacked qaac and used test files are in the attached file:
Files under CAF and M4A_2112 are unmodified HE-AAC files (You can play this CAF file gaplessly using my foo_input_caf).
Files under M4A_2112+481 was encoded using hacked qaac.
Attached File  HE_AAC_Gapless.zip ( 1.26MB ) Number of downloads: 245

This post has been edited by nu774: Dec 22 2012, 18:25
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